Basic Principles of Nutrition in Patients With Cancer
Nutrition intervention is based on symptom management. The scientific community and the general public have ignored the insights of the late Pasteur and have ignored the importance of host resistance in preventing illness more on Louis Pasteur. We have to know exactly what each molecule is doing, how long, how fast, where it goes, how it goes back in our body, etc. In Europe, echinacea is used in many cases instead of antibiotics. In the mids, Frank Burnet , inspired by a suggestion made by Niels Jerne ,  formulated the clonal selection theory CST of immunity.
Family of Smart's kidnapper won't take her in: Niece Days before het release from prison, fears about whether a woman who helped in the kidnapping of then-teenager Elizabeth Smart remains a threat and Infection, electrocution and injury: Florence's floodwaters may carry hidden dangers Floodwaters carry hidden risks that cause electrocution, injury and infection.
Kids, teen, college student mental health problems on the rise A new WHO report adds to a wave of studies about teen mental health problems. Las Vegas shooting survivors, health care providers reunite Survivors of the mass shooting in Las Vegas have reunited with the doctors and nurses who cared for them at an area hospital after the massacre.
New US survey shows some progress against opioid crisis A U. Lawsuit aims to block Trump 'short-term' health plans Patient advocates sue to block Trump administration's 'short-term' health insurance plans.
FDA plans meeting to discuss safety data on breast implants U. Zimbabwe's government criticized over cholera outbreak Zimbabwe's government criticized over cholera outbreak that has killed 25, spread from capital. Some Bob Evans sausage links recalled, may contain plastic The Agriculture Department says Bob Evans Farms is recalling nearly 47, pounds of pork sausage links because they might contain pieces of plastic. No progress as US, Cuba meet on mysterious 'health attacks' Cuba said Thursday the United States is continuing to withhold important information that could help in the investigation into mysterious incidents Funds for Florida health insurance helpers cut by millions The Trump administration has slashed funding for the second year in a row for counselors who help consumers sign up for health insurance through the Long-term effects of ADHD?
Study links disorder to Parkinson's, but don't be alarmed It's the first study to relate the conditions, but it doesn't prove causality. Inside the effort to protect the elderly Perhaps no other population is as vulnerable during a hurricane as older adults.
Genetically modified mosquitoes could eradicate malaria Since only female mosquitoes bite and transmit malaria, these lab-grown sterile male insects will not be able to multiply or spread the disease. Amazing advancements against cancer, but not everyone benefits More people have cancer than ever before, but because of advancements in treatment, those people are living longer.
Dozens of high fever deaths cause panic in northern India Health authorities are rushing medical supplies to northern towns and villages. FDA calls e-cigarettes 'an epidemic' among minors The use of e-cigarettes has become an "epidemic" among children, according to the U. Food and Drug Administration. How to navigate the fertility apps, wearables that promise to help you get pregnant There are more than apps on the market for women tracking fertility.
Nevada prisons drug buyer knew firms opposed execution use Nevada's prisons pharmacy chief says she ordered and obtained lethal injection drugs this year despite knowing drug manufacturers didn't want their FDA calls e-cigarettes 'an epidemic' among minors, cracks down on retailers The agency issued fines against retailers selling the e-cigs to minors. Lab test may identify dangerous gene mutations, study finds Scientists say a lab test may help determine whether specific genetic abnormalities are likely to make people sick.
Doctor to the stars disciplined over use of controversial menopause therapy This story is from Kaiser Health News. Calling teen vaping 'epidemic,' officials weigh flavor ban The U. Food and Drug Administration says teenage use of e-cigarettes has reached "epidemic" levels in the U.
Cholera outbreak in Zimbabwe's capital escalates; 21 dead Zimbabwe's police ban "public gatherings" in Harare in effort to curb cholera outbreak that has killed 21 people. How one mother changed an organ transplant policy to save her daughter's life Five years ago, Sarah Murnaghan's case gained national attention.
Supplier error got Nevada its execution drugs Nevada's prisons chief says more than drug companies refused to supply drugs for use in an execution. For teens, trans boys are more likely to attempt suicide than others: Study They reported at least one suicide attempt in the last year, the study found. Milk does a body good: While there is evidence that precursor loading may be of therapeutic value, particularly for the serotonin precursors 5-HTP and tryptophan, more studies of suitable design and size might lead to more conclusive results.
However, the evidence suggests neurotransmitter precursors can be helpful in patients with mild or moderate depression. Refer to the St. John's Wort Page for more information on this topic. These mechanisms exhibit significant individual variability, and are affected by environment, lifestyle, and genetic influences. Refer to the Milk Thistle Page for more information on this topic. Serum glucose can be improved by chromium supplementation in both types 1 and 2 diabetes, and the effect appears dose dependent.
Relative absorption of various chromium compounds is summarized and the mechanism of low molecular weight chromium binding substance LMWCr in up-regulating the insulin effect eight-fold is discussed. There is evidence of hormonal effects of supplemental chromium besides the effect on insulin. Chromium supplementation does result in tissue retention, especially in the kidney, although no pathogenic effect has been demonstrated despite considerable study. Modifiable factors thought to contribute to insulin resistance include diet, exercise, smoking, and stress.
Lifestyle intervention to address these factors appears to be a critical component of any therapeutic approach. Commonly used herbs and other alternative therapies, less likely to have the side effects of conventional approaches for type 2 diabetes, are reviewed. Mitochondrial Factors in the Pathogenesis of Diabetes: This review focuses on a range of mitochondrial factors important in the pathogenesis of this disease. The mitochondrion is an integral part of the insulin system found in the islet cells of the pancreas.
Because of the systemic complexity of mitochondrial functioning in terms of tissue and energetic thresholds, details of structure and function are reviewed.
While dogs are typically subject to type 1 diabetes, cats develop type 2 diabetes as much as 70 percent of the time. Whereas treatment adjuncts to insulin may address carbohydrate metabolism from glucose absorption to insulin receptor function, success may depend on the type of diabetes present in the patient. This article will explore this research.
The course the disease takes also may not be inevitable. Modification of diet and lifestyle factors as well as a comprehensive program of nutritional and botanical supplementation may help prevent the complications often encountered, such as neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, micro- and macroangiopathy, and cataracts.
This article will review the research on specific nutrients, botanicals, dietary and lifestyle factors, and their application in type-I diabetes. The causative factors for non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus NIDDM relate to adopting Western dietary standards based on abundant, processed agricultural foods.
Chromium Cr is required for normal insulin function; however, we require more Cr than is provided by the typical Western diet.
Refer to the Resveratrol Page for more information on this topic. Refer to the Antioxidants Page for more information. Refer to the Chromium Page for more information. Refer to the Alpha Lipoic Acid Page for more information. Multiple challenges are associated with GERD treatment. First, lack of symptoms does not correlate with the absence of or the healing of esophageal lesions. This article discusses these challenges, investigates the mechanisms of damage in GERD, and explores the existing data on unconventional forms of treatment, including melatonin, acupuncture, botanicals, and dietary interventions.
This review article will be the first of a two-part series that will discuss normal flora and threats to its ecology resulting in dysbiosis. Microorganisms are generally required to attain critical population increases before they threaten the host.
The research on the role of bacterial microorganisms which are considered to be part of normal flora and their importance in inhibiting potential pathogens will be discussed. This article also explores potential threats to healthy microbial flora, including dietary influences, anxiety and depression, and pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Defense mechanisms and their role in preventing translocation of infection from the GI tract to distal sites are also discussed. The role of probiotics in keeping a balanced microbial flora will be the subject of a future article.
Chiropractic And Crohn's Disease Page for more information. Both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are medical conditions complicated by multiple neuroendocrine dysfunctions, nutritional deficiencies, and psychiatric diagnoses. Medical complications, specific nutritional deficiencies, and research involving the therapeutic use of inositol and zinc are reviewed. Treatment with nebulized glutathione led to a rapid resolution of the crisis, as well as a marked improvement in the chronic course of the disease.
This treatment has been used since for a number of patients with emphysema. The safety and bioavailability of this method of delivery have been established in human studies.
The Environmental Medicine Series Chemical compounds ubiquitous in our food, air, and water are now found in every person's body. The bioaccumulation of these compounds can lead to a variety of metabolic and systemic dysfunctions, and in some cases outright disease states. The bioaccumulation of these compounds in some individuals can lead to a variety of metabolic and systemic dysfunctions, and in some cases outright disease states.
The systems most affected by these xenobiotic compounds include the immune, neurological, and endocrine systems. These compounds are used in a variety of settings, are ubiquitous, and off-gas readily into the atmosphere.
Asa result of their overuse, they can be found in detectable level virtually all samples of both indoor and outdoor air. Certain of these compounds are detectable in adipose samples of all U. Once introduced to the body through food or vapor, mercury is rapidly absorbed and accumulates in several tissues, leading to increased oxidative damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, and cell death.
Mercury primarily affects neurological tissue, resulting in numerous neurological symptoms, and also affects the kidneys and the immune system. Many pests are now pesticide resistant due to the ubiquitous presence of pesticides in our environment. Chlorinated pesticide residues are present in the air, soil, and water, with a concomitant presence in humans. Potentially beneficial dietary interventions include identifying and treating blood glucose dysregulation, identifying and avoiding allergenic foods, and avoiding suspected triggering agents such as alcohol, aspartame, and monosodium glutamate.
Nutrients that may reduce seizure frequency include vitamin B6, magnesium, vitamin E, manganese, taurine, dimethylglycine, and omega-3 fatty acids. Supplementation with folic acid, vitamin B6, biotin, vitamin D, and L-carnitine may be needed to prevent or treat deficiencies resulting from the use of anticonvulsant drugs.
However, arginine, yohimbine, Panax ginseng, Maca, and Ginkgo biloba all have some degree of evidence they may be helpful for erectile dysfunction. This interest is also bringing to light some of the oldest natural remedies for both sexual dysfunction and enhancement. Traditional Chinese herbalists treat sexual imbalances such as impotence or reduced desire by improving adrenal energy, muscle strength and endurance with herbs that increase vitality and immunity.
For improved sexuality, herbal adrenal tonics are often combined with moistening or blood-building herbs that reduce stress and increase sexual fluids.
Harmonizing sexual drive and capacity with sexual fluids is said to bring happiness, compassion and love. Not all women with the virus develop cervical dysplasia or cervical cancer.
It has been postulated there are multiple host factors that contribute to progression of disease. Many of these factors, such as nutrient deficiencies, can be reversed, which will result in regression of dysplastic lesions. Studies have shown dietary intervention and nutrient supplementation to be effective in preventing cervical cancer.
Soy and other phytoestrogens, black cohosh, evening primrose oil, vitamin E, the bioflavonoid hesperidin with vitamin C, ferulic acid, acupuncture treatment, and regular aerobic exercise have been shown effective in treating hot flashes in menopausal women. To know the cause is to know the cure. The cause of PMS appears to be a complicated interplay among hormones, neurotransmitters, nutrients and psychosocial factors. To complicate the picture further, the same imbalances are not present in every person suffering from PMS.
This article is a review of the literature, citing numerous studies, sometimes with conflicting views, of the etiology and non-drug treatment for premenstrual syndrome.
Specific nutrients and botanicals are discussed as they relate to particular neuroendocrine imbalances. In view of the fact that there appears not to be one particular deficiency or excess which can be identified in each case of PMS, the most reliable method of treatment involves a comprehensive approach which includes dietary changes, supplementation of specific nutrients and botanicals, and when indicated, use of identical to natural hormones such as progesterone.
Refer to the Women's Health Page for more information on this topic. Refer to the Chiropractic and Female Issues Page for more information. Evidence from multiple sources support the concept of decreased flux through the serotonin pathway in fibromyalgia patients. The reduced sensitivity to pain and improvement in quality of life measured in this study appear to be clinically relevant and a larger, double-blind study is warranted.
Individuals with gallstones may experience various gastrointestinal symptoms and are also at risk of developing acute or chronic cholecystitis. Nutritional supplements that might help prevent gallstones include vitamin C, soy lecithin, and iron. While minimal scientific evidence supports the efficacy of this treatment, anecdotal reports suggest the gallbladder flush may be beneficial for some people. Bromelain also appears to have effects on cell surface antigens. Although all of its mechanisms of action are still not completely resolved, it has been demonstrated to be a safe and effective supplement.
A great deal of this information has addressed cholesterol and fat intake saturated vs. In addition to these studies, a number of scientists have been investigating the connection between micro-nutrients vitamins, minerals, amino acids, flavonoids, coenzymes and heart disease.
The oxidation of LDL cholesterol has been linked to vascular damage leading to atherosclerotic plaques. Antioxidant activity and subsequent inhibition of LDL oxidation has been attributed to the dietary and supplemental intake of specific micro-nutrients, including vitamin E, vitamin C, vitamin B6, glutathione, flavonoids, beta carotene, lipoic acid, and coenzyme Q In addition, elevated homocysteine levels have been implicated in a number of other clinical conditions, including neural tube defects, spontaneous abortion, placental abruption, low birth weight, renal failure, rheumatoid arthritis, alcoholism, osteoporosis, neuropsychiatric disorders, non-insulin-dependent diabetes, and complications of diabetes.
Nutritional intervention with the cofactors required for optimal metabolism of the methionine-homocysteine pathways offers a new, integrated possibility for primary prevention and treatment.
Supplementation with betaine, vitamin B12, folic acid, and vitamin B6 assists in optimizing methyl- and sulfur-group metabolism, and might play a significant role in the prevention and treatment of a wide array of clinical conditions.
Deficiencies of CoQ10 have been documented in patients with heart disease. Administration of CoQ10 has been shown to prolong survival and improve quality of life in patients with cardiomyopathy. In patients with congestive heart failure, CoQ10 ameliorated symptoms, reduced the number of hospitalizations and appeared to increase the survival rate.
Treatment with CoQ10 may also reduce the number of anginal attacks in patients with stable angina pectoris. CoQ10 has been shown to prevent adriamycin cardiotoxicity and to reduce the incidence of postoperative cardiac dysfunction in patients undergoing heart surgery. Several studies indicate that CoQ10 may also have a role in the treatment of essential hypertension.
This nutrient may be of value for patients with diabetes mellitus or male infertility, but additional studies are needed in these areas. CoQ10 status may be adversely affected by treatment with certain cholesterol-lowering drugs, beta blockers, tricyclic antidepressants, and phenothiazines.
C-reactive Protein and the Inflammatory Disease Paradigm: This may account for alpha-tocopherol's positive effect on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Finally, polyphenolic compounds present in virgin olive oil also have anti-inflammatory and antioxidative effects in cardiovascular disease. The phenolic compounds in virgin olive oil may explain some of the protective effects found in epidemiological studies. Vitamin E supplementation may also be beneficial in the prevention of cerebro- and peripheral vascular diseases. Refer to the Vitamin E Page for more information on this topic.
Refer to the Resveratrol Page for more information. The loss of vascular integrity is associated with the pathogenesis of both hemorrhoids and varicose veins. Several botanical extracts have been shown to improve microcirculation, capillary flow, and vascular tone, and to strengthen the connective tissue of the perivascular amorphous substrate.
Oral supplementation with Aesculus hippocastanum, Ruscus aculeatus, Centella asiatica, Hamamelis virginiana, and bioflavonoids may prevent time-consuming, painful, and expensive complications of varicose veins and hemorrhoids. The use of the botanical components glycyrrhizin, catechin, silymarin and phytosterols, and the antioxidants N-acetylcysteine and vitamin E are reviewed for their efficacy in treating chronic hepatitis and affecting liver damage. Therefore, the search for other treatments is of utmost importance.
Several natural products and their derivatives have demonstrated benefit in the treatment of hepatitis C and other chronic liver conditions. Other herbal and nutritional supplements have mechanisms of action that make them likely to be of benefit. Although billions of dollars are spent annually in the United States for the treatment and detection of cardiovascular disease, current conventional treatments have done little to reduce the number of patients with hypertension.
Alternative medicine offers an effective way to decrease the rising number of people with high blood pressure. Research has found a variety of alternative therapies to be successful in reducing high blood pressure including diet, exercise, stress management, supplements, and herbs.
Refer to the Chiropractic and Blood Pressure Page for more on this topic. This phytosterol complex seems to target specific T-helper lymphocytes, the Th1 and Th2 cells, helping normalize their functioning and resulting in improved T-lymphocyte and natural killer cell activity. A dampening effect on overactive antibody responses has also been seen, as well as normalization of the DHEA: A large portion of antibiotics are dispensed by pediatricians treating common outpatient infectious diseases.
The overuse of antimicrobials is beginning to be discouraged as scientific evidence is emerging to support the use of other therapies. In pediatric practice an emphasis on accurate diagnoses, control of environmental risk factors, and utilization of complementary and alternative medicine CAM therapies could reduce antibiotic prescribing. The immune-enhancing properties also suggest an array of clinical uses, both in preventive medicine, due to its ability to build a more responsive immune system, and in clinical medicine, as a therapeutic agent in conditions associated with lowered immune function, decreased NK activity, or chronic viral infection.
Immunological Activity of Larch Arabinogalactan and Echinacea: Food and Drug Administration FDA as a source of dietary fiber, but also has potential therapeutic benefits as an immune stimulating agent and cancer protocol adjunct. Refer to the Immunity and Nutrition Page for more information on this topic. Refer to the Chiropractic and Immune FunctionPage for more information. A number of nutritional therapies have been shown to improve sperm counts and sperm motility, including carnitine, arginine, zinc, selenium, and vitamin B Numerous antioxidants have also proven beneficial in treating male infertility, such as vitamin C, vitamin E, glutathione, and coenzyme Q Refer to the Chiropractic and Infertility Page for more information on this topic.
Bacillus coagulans is a notable exception which, due to its sporulated form, survives without special handling and proliferates in the gastrointestinal environment. The difficulty of differential diagnosis and its treatment may significantly delay initiation of optimal therapy. In addition, most common pharmacological approaches target IBS symptom management rather than treatment, and prescribed medications often result in significant side effects.
The purposes of this review article are to: The Causes of Intestinal Dysbiosis: Irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis have all been linked to alterations in the intestinal microflora.
The intestinal dysbiosis hypothesis suggests a number of factors associated with modern Western living have a detrimental impact on the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. Factors such as antibiotics, psychological and physical stress, and certain dietary components have been found to contribute to intestinal dysbiosis.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Series. Therefore, herbal and other natural sleep aids are gaining popularity, as herbs commonly used for their sedative-hypnotic effects do not have the drawbacks of conventional drugs.
Whether alternative therapies possess activity similar to conventional therapies needs further evaluation. The syndrome presents differently in many individuals, with the unifying factor being chronic pelvic pain and disruption of daily life activities. Many etiologies have been proposed as causative factors for IC, although it is likely triggered by more than one process.
Treatment for many individuals revolves around symptom management and improving quality of life; however, it is imperative to remove aggravating factors such as food and daily stressors.
Treatment will vary for individuals, as symptoms and etiology will differ. This article discusses nutritional and other non-toxic approaches to treating IC. Basic scientific research has uncovered the mechanisms by which some plants afford their therapeutic effects.
Silybum marianum milk thistle has been shown to have clinical applications in the treatment of toxic hepatitis, fatty liver, cirrhosis, ischemic injury, radiation toxicity, and viral hepatitis via its antioxidative, anti-lipid peroxidative, antifibrotic, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulating, and liver regenerating effects. Clinical research in this century has confirmed the efficacy of several plants in the treatment of liver disease, while basic scientific research has uncovered the mechanisms by which some plants provide their therapeutic effects.
This article is Part Two in a review of botanicals used in the treatment of liver disease. Curcuma longa turmeric , Camellia sinensis green tea , and Glycyrrhiza glabra licorice are reviewed in this installment. Silybum marianum milk thistle and Picrorhiza kurroa kutkin were reviewed in Part One.
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Relationship to Insulin Sensitivity and Oxidative Stress. There is increasing evidence that steatosis in NASH is a result of the pathology in fat metabolism occurring in obesity and insulin resistance. For steatosis to progress to necroinflammation and fibrosis, however, the theory of mitochondrial oxidative-stress induced cellular damage is receiving wide acceptance.
Treatment approaches that address these etiologies are reviewed: The symptoms associated with the slow accumulation of toxic metals are multiple and rather nondescript, and overt expression of toxic effects may not appear until later in life.
The sulfhydryl-reactive metals mercury, cadmium, lead, arsenic are particularly insidious and can affect a vast array of biochemical and nutritional processes. More recent clinical use and research substantiates this compound s efficacy and safety, and establishes it as the premier metal chelation compound, based on oral dosing, urinary excretion, and its safety characteristics compared to other chelating substances.
Mercury Toxicity and Antioxidants Series. Dietary supplementation for MS minimally requires potent vitamin supplementation, along with the thiol antioxidants, the anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids, and adaptogenic phytonutrients.
Gut malabsorption and dysbiosis can be corrected using digestive enzymes and probiotics. This study documents objective biochemical changes following the removal of these fillings along with other dental materials, utilizing a new health care model of multidisciplinary planning and treatment.
The dramatic changes in photolabeling of cerebrospinal fluid CSF proteins following these dental interventions suggest CSF photolabeling may serve as an objective biomarker for monitoring MS. The clear-cut character of these changes should also encourage more research to better define this possible association between dental mercury and MS.